Unit One: From Revolution to Republic

North America in 1745:
North America in 1745

Thesis: How did the colonists forge a stronger identity as Americans in the eighteenth century?

T he British population in their American colonies was rising rapidly, by the mid eighteenth century, the population was over 1.2 million and increasing. It was only a matter of time before they would attempt to expand their territory. This need for land expansion would of course, bring them into conflict with the Native American tribes, the French and the Spanish, all of whom had claims to the land.

The French and Indian War

Maps of the French and Indian War

The controversy over land in North America began in the Ohio Country. There the French and the English colonists came into conflict. The French initially claimed the land along the Allegheny and Ohio Rivers. In response, the governor of Virginia, Robert Dinwiddie, demanded that the French leave the area. The French proceeded to build a fort (Fort Duquesne) near where the city of Pittsburgh now stands. Later in 1754, Dinwiddie sent a Virginia militia company under the command of 22 year-old George Washington to the area to lay claim to the land. When he got there and found the French, he decided to attack one of their patrols.
Young George Washingon

"Taxation Without Representation is Tyranny" (1764 - 1774)

Focus Question: What were the main points of dispute between the American colonists and Britain in the 1760s and 1770s?

"Independence was not what either the Americans or the British wanted; each side, in its way, struggled to prevent it for over a decade. And yet it came. The question is why"
Pauline Maier