What is identity?
Define:
Personal identity is how someone and other people view and/or label an individual. Someone's personal identity can be based off of personality or behavioral traits, or simply concrete facts such as where they were born, where they live, what they like to do, and how they dress. also how they present themselves to someone. Ones personal identity is not always permanent. It can change based on how the person changes. People are given different names that represent what they want to be seen as, and what others actually do see them as. If someone is not happy with their personal identity, they can try to change their personal identity to one they like better.

Cultural vs.Personal Identity:
Cultural identity is the identity of a group or culture. A countries cultural identity can be made based on the countries economy, technology ,government, political system, its religion, geography, it's race, and its friends and foes. also sometimes its armys and weapons. Other countries see all of these things about the group of people and make an identity for them. Just like personal identity, a country or cultural group's identity can change based on the actions that the country or cultural group makes.
Ex: For example, one part of America’s cultural identity is freedom. This is something that America sees in itself as being, and something that other cultures see as part of being an American. This could change if America changed its laws to limit freedom and then other country's views of America's identity would change. another example is america having a lot of money and thats how some countries see us as, movie stars with a lot of money.

What key elements/areas define a country?
The main elements that define the country are the Economy, Government/political system,and majority religion. Other areas that can also define the country are its geography, culture, allies/enemies, languages, history (by whom was the country first colonized), education, legal system, race, food, minority religion(not as important), and their technology.

1. Economy:
The sections of a country that partake in the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services in that certain area.

Define:
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/nostalgic

Economy
All the parts that participate in the production , exchange, distribution and consumption of goods and services of that area.
That is one way of putting it, but in other words...
The wealth and resources of a country or region, esp. in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services.

Economic System:
An economic system guides the country's resources, and the output of the economy's and goods and services.

What are the two major questions that need to be asked about any country's economic system?
1. How is economic activity coordinated- by the plan or the market?
2. Who owns the means of production?(Socialist vs. Capitalist)
3. what type of government it is (ex: dictator, democracy)

What are the major types of economic systems? Explain them and give examples.
There are different ways an economic system can be set. The first is a market economy, where the people control how the market works, deciding on prices, plans and guidelines. The other side is a planned economy, where the government makes all of the spending decisions, guidelines for marketing and plans the path of the economy and it's mostly their say. The other types of economic systems are a capitalism and socialism economy type. Capitalism is where property, businesses and the means of production are privately owned. Socialism is an economy where the government owns the means of production.

II. Political Systems/Government

Define: Political system:
A political system is a system of rules and laws that the people of that government follow by. There are many different types of political systems, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Do you want the people to dictate the decisions of your country? A few members of the government? Or maybe just one person. There is an individual political system corresponding to each of the needs of a country. The political system of a country can really change how it runs. If a country is communist it will run very differently than a democratic country.

What are the major types of political systems? Explain them.
The major types of political systems are

Monarchy: A monarchy is a government where the head of government is an hereditary king or queen (monarch). This is different from a constitutional monarchy, where the head of government might be a prime minister, and head of state is reserved to the monarch.


Dictatorship: A government run by one single person or small group of people. (not elected) Think Hitler.

Democracy: A government that is ruled by the people.
Direct: Everyone votes, vote on everything.
Representive: groups of people that have been elected to make certain decisions.

Communist: Typically ruled by workers, people of the community. Communist ideology states that all industry, businesses, transport, public utilities etc. are owned by 'the people', i.e. the state, but in practice come communist governments have allowed some degree of strictly-regulated capitalism, e.g. the People's Republic of China.

Theocracy: A religious based Government so therefore religious leaders. And therefore ruled by god or a deity.

Oligarchy: A small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution. also could be the state ruling.

Anarchy: Absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal



III. Religion/Belief System

Define: Religion
A religion is a set of beliefs or world views that relate humanity to moral values of spirituality. A religion also must have a public aspect, not just an individuals beliefs.To be a religion others must follow the same beliefs.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/religion

What are the Abrahamic Religions? Describe them.

The Abrahamic religions are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Judaism traces their roots back to Abraham. Judaism is based on the Torah which consists of the 5 books of Moses, and it is one of the 1st monotheistic religions. Christianity believes they are the completion to the old testament as Jesus being the Messiah. They follow Jesus's teachings and accept Jesus as the son of g-d. Islam also sees Abraham as their originator but believes the other religions are not relevent being that g-d (or Allah) revealed the Qu'ran to his final messenger, Muhammad.
OverView of Abrahamic religions

What are the major Indian Religions? Describe them.
-Hinduism: 900 million followers in India. There isn't a founder or date of origin. It's based on ancient text-VEDAS with duties (DHARMA) appropriate to one's class/caste (VADAS) varies-one or more Deities reincarnation.
-Buddism: 360 million. It was founded in India, and popular in the Far East. Respect for teaching of the Buddha (" The enlisted One"), Siddhavtha Gantama- 500 BCE- Hindu prince who renounced worldly pleasures to seek enlightenment end suffering.
-Jainsim: 4.2 million followers. Jainism is very similar to Hinduism but it rejects the idea of castes. It is based around nonviolence towards all living things.
-Sikhism: 25 million followers. It was founded in India and it follows the teachins of Guru Nanak Dev. Famous quote; "There is no Islam and there is no Hinduism there is only God."

Indian Religions
What are the major Asian religions? Describe them.
-Confucianism
Brought my a man named Confucian.
Based off of one's personal ethics and how they treat others.(Do to others, as you would like to be done to you.)
A main Asian religion
-Taoism
The belief in a balance between light and dark (yin and yang)
external image yin-yang-symbol.jpg

IV. Judicial System

Define: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/identity

V. Legal System
  • Civil Law
    • Also known as the "Continental European Law", it is the most widespread system of law around the world. The central source of law that is recognized as most reliable are constitutions or statutes. This originated from the Roman law. The only state that has this is Louisiana because of the mostly French population.
    • A judge has a lot let power in the Civil law. They must only follow the law in any case. They have no decision other then if this goes against or with the law, even if was not the acused fault for breaking the law they are still punished. This law system does not exist in the U.S.A exept for Louisiana.
  • Common Law
    • Law that is developed by legal decisions rather than by legislative action. Common law also uses precident cases to help decide the outcome of the case.
    • In this case if it where not the accused fault for breaking the law they MAY not be punished. This is the system in all the U.S.A other then louisiana
  • Criminal Law- Going to court for a crime- violation of a law

Into which category does the American system fit?
The US uses mainly common law but is a mixture of both civil and common law. It came from the English system. The only exception to this is Louisiana, who bases their legal system from the people who originally colonized Louisiana, the French. This means that their system is based more on Civil Law than any other states just like Continental European Law.

V. Other
  • Language
  • Education
  • Population- density